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英语导游考试天坛部分1
  • 2016-05-26 17:36:26
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1、天坛始建于何时?初建时的名称是什么?其主建筑的名称是什么?它位于今日天坛

  中哪座大殿的位置?哪位皇帝改革礼制,将天地合祀改为天地分祀后,才有了“天坛”之名?

  When was the Temple of Heaven first built? What’s its original name? What’s the name

  of the main building at that time? Which building of today is standing on its original

  site? Which Ming Emperor renovated the imperial rite and

  ordered to worship the God of Heaven and God of Earth separately?

  答案:*明永乐十八年(1420年);*天地坛;*大祀殿;*祈年殿 *明嘉靖皇帝朱厚熜。

  Answer: In 1420/ The Temple of Heaven and Earth/ The Dasi Hall (The Hall of Great

  Sacrifice)/ The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest/ The Emperor Jiajing

  2、天坛皇穹宇始建于何时?初建时的名称是什么?谁主持重建后,将原先的方形建筑改为了圆形

  重檐殿宇,名称也改为了“皇穹宇”?何时又将圆形重檐殿宇改为了如今式样?

  When was the Imperial Vault of Heaven first built? What’s its original name? Who had

  it renovated from a square-shaped building to a round building and had its name changed

  to the Imperial Vault of Heaven? When was the building rebuilt as the one of today?

  答案:*明嘉靖年间(明嘉靖九年);*泰神殿;*严嵩;*清乾隆年间。

  Answer:During the Ming Emperor Jiajing’s period/ The Taishen Hall/ Yan Song/During

  the Qing Emperor Qianlong’s period

  3、天坛皇穹宇院落中的三个声学现象分别是什么?其产生的原因都和什么有关?

  What are the 3 acoustic phenomena in the Court of the Imperial Vault of Heaven in the

  Temple of Heaven? What causes the phenomena?